Paramilitary forces are generally referred to as an additional army . These forces are not exactly similar to their counterparts in the national army. However their organisational structure is very much the same as the national armed forces. Most of the paramilitary forces have to report to the authorities other than the head of the state usually the president of the nation but to other heads such as the home ministry, intelligence agencies and other union ministries.
Paramilitaries are crucial in situations where there are highly critical and sensitive situations. Like an area of border, a war hit location or in situations of terror attacks. Seeing this it is obvious that the training these forces get is high in intensity. It does require a lot of rigour and dedication to be a part of such forces. India is known for its highly trained and equipped paramilitaries and their long lists of achievements. Here is a look at some prominent paramilitary forces of India:
NATIONAL SECURITY GUARDS
NSG IS ONE OF THE INDIA’S MOST ADVANCED PARAMILITARY FORCES . IN TERMS OF THE ARMS AND AMUNATIONS AND THE LEVEL OF THEIR TRAINING THE NSG FORCES ARE ON THE TOP. IN THE YEAR 1984 THE NSG WAS FORMED WITH A MOTIVE OF PROVIDING SECURITY TO THE NATIONAL VIPS, COUNTERING TERRORISM AND TO PROVIDE ADDITIONAL FORCES DURING CRISIS. IT WAS A PART OF ONE OF THE MOST FAMOUS MILITARY ACTIONS “THE OPERATION BLUE STAR” TO COMBAT THE KHALISTANI SEPARATISTS . EVEN IN THE ATTACKS OF 26/11 IN MUMBAI NSG PLAYED A CRUCIAL ROLE IN GETTING CONTROL OF THE SITUATION. THERE UNIFORM IS BLACK IN COLOUR FOR WHICH THEY ARE OFTEN REFERRED TO AS THE “BLACK CATS”. THE GOVERNING BODY OF NSG IS THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS.
BORDER SECURITY FORCES
THE BORDER SECURITY FORCE WAS FORMED IN THE YEAR 1965 WITH ITS GOVERNING BODY AS THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS. THE ROLE OF THIS FORCES IS TO GUARD THE INTERNATIONAL BORDERS AND COUNTERING TERRORISM IN THOSE AREAS. IT IS ALSO RESPONSIBLE FOR GUIDING THE ARMY IN A WAR SITUATION AND PROTECT THE REFUGEES AND PRISONERS OF WAR. THE FORCE IS ALSO FAMOUS FOR ITS FLAG CEREMONY AT THE WAGAH BORDER WHERE THOUSANDS OF PEOPLE GATHER EVERY DAY TO WITNESS THE CEREMONY.
SPECIAL PROTECTION GROUP
THE SPECIAL PROTECTION GROUP WAS FORMED IN THE YEAR 1988 THROUGH AN ACT OF PARLIAMENT. IT’S GOVERNING BODY IS THE SECRETARIAT OF INDIA . THE FORCE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING PROTECTION TO THE VIPs . THE PRIME MINISTER OF INDIA IS ALSO GUARDED BY THE SPECIAL PROTECTION GROUP.
CENTRAL RESERVE POLICE FORCE
FORMED IN THE YEAR 1949 THE CENTRAL RESERVE POLICE FORCE REPORTS TO THE MINISTRY OF HOME AFFAIRS. THE FORCE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR COMBATING TERRORISM AND TAKING CONTROL OF AN AREA OF UNREST. AN ELITE UNIT OF CRPF IS ALSO IN CHARGE OF THE SECURITY OF INDIAN PARLIAMENT. THE FORCE HAS BEEN USEFUL IN SITUATIONS OF INSURGENCY AND ENFORCEMENT OF THE PARAMILITARY LAW.
RAILWAY PROTECTION FORCE
THE RPF REPORTS TO THE MINISTRY OF RAILWAYS. FORMED IN THE YEAR 1957 , THE FORCE IS RESPONSIBLE FOR PROVIDING PROTECTION TO THE PASSENGER AND THE STATIONS. IT ALSO ENSURES VIGILANCE OF THE STATIONS AND REMOVING THE ANTI SOCIAL ELEMENTS. THE RPF HAS THE AUTHORITY TO ARESST AND INVESTIGATE THE SUSPECTS.
We should always salute our heroes and respect their contribution for our country!