vodafone MERGER CONFIRMation with idea

Vodafone on Monday said that it is in exploratory discussions with the Aditya Birla group’s telecom ARM Idea Cellular for a merger.

Bharti chief Sunil Bharti Mittal had told CNBC-TV18 in Davos that such big moves require serious consideration. He didn’t rule out the possibility of a mega-merger.



Although, the merged entity will be bigger than Airtel, he said. “This is not a race to who has got the highest revenue market share. It is a race to a profitably viable sustainable industry.”

“Vodafone confirms that it is in discussions with the Aditya Birla Group about an all share merger of Vodafone India (excluding Vodafone’s 42% stake in Indus Towers) and Idea.

Any merger would be affected through the issue of new shares in Idea to Vodafone and would result in Vodafone deconsolidating Vodafone India,” Vodafone said in a statement.

The combined entity would have 43 percent revenue market share and a 40 percent active subscriber market share, according to brokerage firm CLSA.

The merged entity would account for over 25% of allocated spectrum and will have to sell about 1 percent to comply with spectrum cap norms, CLSA said. The merger, if it goes through, will create India’s largest telecom player both in revenues and subscribers, taking on the likes of market leader  Bharti Airtel and Reliance Jio.



The latest entrant in the telecom sector, Reliance Jio, is fast acquiring subscribers on the back of free voice and data services under its Happy New Year offer.

Regulatory challenges

There are, however, regulatory hurdles on the mergers and acquisitions front that await Vodafone and Idea Cellular. M&A norms mandate that revenue market share of the merged entity should not exceed 50 percent in any circle.

Also, the rules dictate that spectrum holding shouldn’t exceed 25 percent across all bands and 50 percent in each band individually. Experts see a spectrum cap breach in at least 5 circles in the 900 MHz band. Besides, revenue market share of the merged entity will overshoot the 50 percent threshold in six circles

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Stuttering Experiment On Orphans: A Monster Study

The brain develops most rapidly in the first few years of a child’s life. Also the ongoing interchange between genes and different environments – within which children are born, grow, learn and live – shapes the developing brain. During these critical years, the foundation is laid for a child’s physical and mental health, affecting everything from longevity to the lifelong capacity to learn, from the ability to adapt to change to the capacity for resilience against adverse circumstances.

In 1939 an experiment was conducted on orphan children. There were total of 22 orphan children in the experiment. The experiment was conducted by Dr. Wendell Johnson, a speech pathologist.

Why Dr. Wendell did this experiment?

During the 1930s it was thought that stuttering is genetic cause. Dr. Wendell knew that this believe was wrong. So as to prove stuttering is not a genetic cause. , he conducted an experiment with Mary Tudor. Mary was a graduate student and working under Dr. to learn how the speech pathologist works. The facets of the experiment are as follows:

  • Dr. Wendell first recruited 22 orphans. And the children were never told that they had been involved in a study, until it was revealed by a newspaper over 60 years later. In addition the teachers and administrators of the orphanage were also misled about the purpose of the study. This deception was never explained to them.

  • Children were then divided into two groups. The first were labeled normal speakers and the second stutterers. Crucially only half of the group labelled stutterers did actually show signs of stuttering.
  • They conducted different experiments on both the groups. Mary was the one who asked questions and worked on children speech. She was told by Dr. Wendell to praise group first children and condemn the second group.

Even if the children from the second group spoke clearly without stuttering, they were not praised and instead scolded, while the first group children were always praised.

What went wrong then?

Of the six normal children in the stuttering group, five began stuttering after the negative therapy. Three became worse. In comparison, only one of the children in the group labelled normal had greater speech problems after the study. After realizing the power of experiment Dr. Wendell tried to undo the effect. He failed. The stuttering effect was permanent. And from then, the orphans labelled stutterers had to cope with for the rest of their lives.

On 17 August 2007, six of the orphan children were awarded a total of $925,000 by the State of Iowa for lifelong psychological and emotional scars caused by six months of torment during the Iowa University experiment.

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Commoner Manveer Gurjar Wins Bigg Boss 10


So the Bigg Boss season 10 ended on a happy and a proud note where the show witnessed the victory of the most honest and down to earth commoner, Manveer Gurjar. The 1st Runner up, Bani J and 2nd Runner up, Lopamudra Raut  are popular celebrities who were really happy to see Manveer win!!

Image result for manveer wins bigg boss

Manveer is one of those commoners who stood by his friends and supported the victims of injustice in the house. He gave every ounce of himself in each of the tasks in the house.

The desi munda finally won the Colors reality series Bigg Boss 10 trophy. He defeated Bani J with amazing votes.

The former Roadie gave tough competition to Manveer and the two were going  neck to neck in the finale race. However, at the end Manveer walked away with the trophy.

The commoner contestant came on his own in the show after his friend Manu Punjabi had to leave the show for a brief period because of personal emergency. From being a commoner with not so interesting life history, Manveer was dedicated and focused.

In no time Manveer won the hearts of people and emerged as everyone’s favourite and finally the Bigg Boss 10 winner.

Well this is not all. The interesting part about his win is that the Manveer’s father has decided to donate fifty percent of the prize money to Salman Khan’s charity foundation, Being Human.

For the uninitiated, last year’s winner Prince Narula had also donated Rs. 5 lakh to Salman’s foundation.

We must admit that this is a clear victory and he is actually the real common man and the ultimate winner!

Truly the best man wins, and this time with a SWAG!!

Don’t you agree?

Well I can’t agree more!!

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Can Electricity Be Used To Control Mind?

electricity in brain

hulk and FrankI hope you remember our green monster, not hulk, Frankenstein. The author of Frankenstein, Mary Shelley sensed that electricity can do some real stuff. So in the novel she decided to pump the life in lifeless creature with the help of electricity. The novel was science fiction but we know that electricity is one hell of a thing.

Electricity is the most versatile energy source on the planet, but we’re only dependent on it for about 100 years. We use electricity to do our routine work like switching on fan, tube light, laptop, mobile etc.

As a normal human we restrict the use of electricity to this. But people like Mary Shelley and Dr Jose Delgado saw electricity in different way.

Who was Dr. Jose Delgado?

electricity man

Dr. Jose Delgado, a neurophysiology at Yale University School, was especially interested in Electronic Stimulation of the Brain. By implanting a small probe into the brain, Delgado discovered that he could wield enormous power over his subject. Using a device, he called the  stimoceiver which is operated in FM radio waves, he was able to electrically control the emotional state of human being. During 1966, Delgado announced that his findings supported the distasteful conclusion that motion, emotion and behavior can be directed by electrical forces. According to him humans can be controlled like robots by push buttons.

What technique he was using?

Related image

He used the electromagnetic waves to control the mind. Jose believe that his stimoceiver can also erase the memory of a person. Rodríguez Delgado’s research interests centered on the use of electrical signals to evoke responses in the brain. His earliest work was with cats, but he later did experiments with monkeys and humans, including psychiatric patients.

Can radio waves interfere brain waves?

electricity in brain

Not likely. Brain waves are too slow, and so weak that they’re extremely hard to measure…

Radio waves and brain waves are both forms of electromagnetic radiation—waves of energy that travel at the speed of light. The difference between brain waves, radio waves, and other electromagnetic waves (such as visible light, X-rays and Gamma rays) lies in their frequency. The difference of frequency should be very less to superimpose the waves on each other.

The human brain also emits waves, like when a person focuses his attention or remembers something. Dr. Jose used the same brain waves to manipulate the brain waves by electromagnetic waves. Although there is no real evidence about his experiment on humans but there was an experiment performed on bull. With a single button Jose was controlling the bull. 

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Human-Ape Army possible or not?

Image result for ilya ivanov

Russian biologist Ilya Ivanov was known for his brilliance and ability to see things differently. He was a biologist who wanted to split his talents evenly between innovation and preservation. For years he studied biology, mainly how domestic animals reproduce. He closely studied how the reproduction in animals takes place.

Around the start of the 20th century, Ilya Ivanov perfected artificial insemination and its practical usage for horse breeding. He proved that this technology allows one stallion to fertilize up to 500 mares (instead of 20–30 by natural fertilization). The results were sensational for their time, and Ivanov’s station was frequented by horse breeders from many parts of the world.His discovery was revolutionary. And this is one of the biggest reason why soviet contacted him for the army of apes.

This may sound crazy but once Ilya was sitting in the conference full of people. And he announced that he can create Human-Ape. Everyone in the conference was surprised with his commitment. All the biologists present there in the conference were also shocked.

How this Human-Ape thing is even possible?

Ilya Ivanov as I say, he was brilliant. He pointed out Darwin’s theory, that we humans are just the evolved version of apes, and we know that human and chimps DNA is 99.7 percentage same.

Why he was trying to hybrid Human and ape?

Image result for human ape army

After World War I soviet started finding new ways that could help them to win the war. They were trying different crazy ideas to win the next war. So one of the crazy ideas was Human-Ape army. After committing in conference that Ilya can create such army, Soviet Union gave him 10 million dollars which is now equal to 1000 million dollars.

Soviet Union funded Ilya to create a Human-Ape army. And they gave him sufficient time to do this task.

How he proceeded further?

He used the same technique he used with the horses. He used 13 female chimpanzees for this experiment.  The female chimpanzees were repeatedly injected with human male sperm, but none became pregnant. (It was rumored that Ivanov used his own sperm or that of his son, but only few people believed it). And hence this idea was a big astray.

After this failure Ivanov put together a plan to inject male chimpanzee sperm into human female volunteers. There were total of 5 female volunteers. Again he failed as none of the female volunteers got pregnant.

Why only Human-Ape?

Human-Ape army

There are several things that can answer: ‘why only human ape hybrid?’. The first one was DNA, human and chimpanzees share common abilities and DNA. The second one was that apes are way too stronger than humans. So they calculated that one ape will be equivalent to 5 human soldiers.  A soldier having a mind like human and power like ape!. FASCINATING.

None of the Ilya’s experiments were successful. But this shows us that the world is full of crazy things. So do not stop if your idea is crazy, people might buy it.

Hedy Lamarr: Real Beauty With Brains


When someone says beauty with brains who do you think about? Emma Watson. But today let’s not talk about her, let’s talk about real beauty with brains.emma and Hedy

An Australian American actress, Hedy Lamarr was famous not only because of her evergreen charm and elegance but also because of her brains.

She was a glamorous Hollywood star, amongst one of the most beautiful girls in the world. Her real-life story is arguably more alluring, and certainly more heroic than any role she played on the silver screen.

Behind the star image lied a complex person who defied all the stereotypes. Lamarr married six times and, besides being an actress, she painted abstract works of art and designed inventions. People assume perhaps that she wasn’t intelligent because she was so beautiful, but she really had a mind.Hedy and beauty

In Hollywood, the beautiful actress found success and the world at her feet, but she didn’t forget that World War II was brewing in Europe, and she was determined to do something about it.

How she helped with technology?

Hedy contibution

Nowadays we are surrounded by Spread Spectrum Technology. This technology is used in Bluetooth, Wi-Fi, cellular phones, fax machines and other wireless operations possible, anything one can think of. This was Hedy Lamarr’s contribution to the world of cellular technology. I don’t know you if realize her invention’s importance or not but just imagine a scene,”You are lying on your bed  and you think of a song. You connect to Wi-Fi and  download the song. After downloading that song you pick up your bluetooth speakers and start listening to the song.” The technology used here is the technology of cellular phones given by her. We have to thank Hedy Lamarr for things related to wireless operations which make our work easy and reliable.

How did  this started for Hedy Lamarr?

Lamarr’s earliest inventions included an improved traffic stoplight and a tablet that would dissolve in water to create a carbonated drink. The beverage was unsuccessful.

Hedy torpedoes

With the going world war she wanted to contribute to the war. She designed a jam-proofed radio system for torpedoes. With the help of composer George Antheil, they drafted designs for a new frequency-hopping spread-spectrum technology that they later patented. Lamarr and Antheil realized that radio-controlled torpedoes, which could be important in the naval war, could easily be jammed, thereby causing the torpedo to go off course. With the knowledge she had gained about torpedoes from her first husband, and using a method similar to the way piano rolls work, they designed a frequency-hopping system that would continuously change the radio signals sent to the torpedo.

Initially no one believed that she could create this type of system. The main reason was her beauty. Because of her good looks people ignored her. But later the Navy used frequency-hopping system during the 1962 blockade of Cuba.

Google created a doodle on her 101 birthday to show respect.Hedy doodle

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ISRO launching 103 satellites: Making world record !

satellite and earth

The Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) will set a record when it launches 103 satellites in one go on a single rocket in the first week of February.

There will be only 3 foreign satellites, and 100 micro satellites.

Some facts about satellite launch:

  1. Last year, ISRO launched record 20 satellites at one go.
  2. The PSLV (polar satellite launch vehicle) will carry 100 micro satellites and the weight of PSLV will be equal to 1,350. 500-600 kg of satellite and the rest is of launching vehicle.
  3. The satellites will be separated from the launch vehicle in different directions. The separation angle and time of separation will be such that one satellite will not collide with another, said Dr. K. Sivan, Director of the Vikram Sarabhai Space Centre (VSSC), Thiruvananthapuram.
  4. The three Indian satellites to be launched are Cartosat-2 series (weighing 730 kg as primary payload) and INS-IA and INS-1B (weighing 30 kg each).
  5. ISRO had earlier planned a launch of 83 satellites in the last week of January. But that launch was postponed and now ISRO is launching 103 satellites.
  6. ISRO is breaking its own record with this launch. Last year the space agency had launched record 20 satellites in one go.
  7. The highest number of satellites launched in a single mission are 37, a record that Russia set in 2014. The US space agency, NASA launched 29.

It may sound simple that space organizations are launching satellites but the process is not that simple.


The satellite separated from the launch vehicle will have a relative velocity of one meter per second. So, after 1,000 seconds the distance between a satellite and the rocket will be 1,000 meters. The satellite that gets launched first will move at a relatively faster velocity than the next satellite that is launched. Due to different relative velocities, the distance between the satellites will increases continuously but the orbit will be the same. From the study of relative motion ISRO is going to launch all the satellites.

Do you know what escape velocity is of satellite?

Image result for escape velocity

Escape velocity is the minimum speed needed for an object to escape from a massive body, in the sense of becoming neither on the surface nor in closed orbit of any radius, no matter how great, without the aid of thrust, or suffering the resistance from friction. The escape velocity from Earth is about 11.186 km/s at the surface.(wiki)

There are lots of things they have to manage before sending any satellite in the space. And the work did not end here. After sending the satellites they have to manage lot of things that will happen to them in the space.

ISRO will be the first space organization to launch more than 100 satellites in one go.


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Gloomy Sunday : Suicide LIFE-LESS music


There are things in the world which are loved by everyone. Music is one of those things. You can listen to music almost every time. For example if you are having romantic dinner, music can help to romanticize the moment. If you are felling low then music can help you to lift again.

You might have heard of farmers who increase production by playing music to their animals. The Mozart Effect claims to increase intelligence.

 And there are certain mind bobbling facts about music:

  1. Heartbeat changes to mimics the music you listen to. Music is found to modulate heart rate, blood pressure, and respiration.
  2. Listening to music while exercising can significantly improve your work-out performance.Image result for music in culture
  3. Every culture in the world ever existed has its own music. Music is like a language which unites culture and people.
  4. Do look at any revolution, you will find one thing common. There was always music which brought people together.
  5. The effect of some revolutionary song has been compared to a trumpeted cavalry charge, inspiring individuals to be united with a larger group.

So from previous stated points one thing is clear music can alter the brain. Music can have a profound impact on the human psyche and emotions, but can one song lead to more than a hundred suicides?

It is true there is a song named “Gloomy Sunday” which forced people to do suicide.

At least eighteen suicide deaths in Hungary are reported to have had close links with Gloomy Sunday. In the Time Magazine article, “Music: Suicide Song,” published March 30, 1936,. A Hungarian shoemaker by the name of Joseph Keller left a note at the scene of his suicide quoting some of the Gloomy Sunday lyrics. Several bodies were found in the Danube with their hands clutching the song’s sheet music. Two people shot themselves while hearing a band play the song, and others had been found to have ended their own lives while listening to it. The song was banned in Hungary.

gloomy Sunday lyrics

However this news did not stop at Hungary, Gloomy Sunday news spread like a virus. And when a US reporter found connection between suicides and Gloomy Sunday in United State itself,  the song on the BBC was banned until 2002. There are many stories related to this song.

Who wrote Gloomy Sunday song?

Gloomy sunday writer Rezső Seress

Rezső Seress, Hungarian pianist and composer. According to news articles he was struggling music composer and his girlfriend just dumped him. So in the memory of her he wrote the song Gloomy Sunday. When he found out that due to his creation people are giving up their life. Seress committed suicide in Budapest in January 1968; he survived jumping out of a window, but later in the hospital he choked himself to death with a wire.

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Asteroids battle: NASA vs ISRO


In 1801 Giuseppe Piazzi discovered a celestial thing which he believed to be a new planet. He named the celestial object, Ceres, roman goddess of harvest. Later in the area where Piazzi discovered Ceres many other celestial object were seen. Those time telescopes were not that good so he was not able to see correctly that Ceres was no planet. Scientists named this type of celestial objects as asteroids meaning Star Shaped.

Giuseppe Piazzi confused an asteroid to a planet. Then there must be something from which he concludes that the celestial thing is planet. There are currently over 600,000 known asteroids in our solar system.

There are reasons why Ceres is famous in the bundle of asteroids


  • Ceres was the first Asteroid discovered.
  • Ceres is a differentiated asteroid. That means it has a rocky core and an icy outer crust. It might have an internal ocean.
  • Now Ceres is a Dwarf planet
  • Scientists also believe that round bodies tend to have differentiated interiors, meaning that there are different zones inside of them. Ceres probably has a rocky core, an icy mantle, perhaps some subsurface liquid water and a dusty top layer.
  • As well as being the first asteroid discovered, Ceres is also the largest known asteroid at 933 kilometers (580 miles) across. The smallest known asteroid, 1991 BA, is only 6 meters (20 feet) across.
  • Most asteroids are irregular in shape because they are too small to exert enough gravitational pull to become spherical in shape. But Ceres is spherical in shape and due to its shape scientist thought that there will be possibility of life.
  • It may have an atmosphere.

Why asteroids now?

NASA is planning to launch a new robotic mission to explore a giant metal asteroid. However this idea is not new. From many years we know that asteroids are very good source of metals and petroleum product. But we were not technically advanced to go to them. But now NASA decided to take this big step.

The asteroid they are going to explore is psyche. The asteroid measures about 210 kilometers in diameter and unlike most other asteroids that are rocky or icy bodies is thought to be comprised mostly of metallic iron and nickel, similar to Earth’s core.

How will this help?

The mission will help scientists understand how planets and other bodies separated into their layers – including cores, mantles and crusts – early in their histories.

Well for years NASA is doing great work, but ISRO is now catching NASA in almost everything. After mars and moon visit, ISRO decided to go to Venus and nearby asteroids.

Alien hand syndrome: Fault in our hands


morning Alien Hand Syndrome Imagine the scenario you are resting near beach on Saturday morning. Then you go inside to catch some beer. The moment you open your beer bottle, your left hand starts hitting you and you have no idea what’s happening. That is when you have no control over your hand. This is what happened to a woman in Germany. The year was 1908; no one really knows what got into. I know that this sounds like B-grade horror movie. But tell me one thing what will you do if something like this will happened to you?

Like any simple human being you just thought that some evil spirit must be got into you. But it is actually a very odd and very real medical condition known as Alien Hand Syndrome (AHS).

What is Alien Hand Syndrome (AHS) ?

Alien hand syndrome is a rare neurological disorder in which one hand functions involuntarily, with the victim completely unaware of its action. While the example above may be extreme, people who suffer from AHS have exhibited similar symptoms in certain cases.Alien Hand Syndrome

Less horrifying symptoms include involuntary reaching and grasping, touching the face or tearing at clothing. More extreme cases have involved involuntarily stuffing food in the mouth, preventing the normal hand from completing simple tasks. Self inflicted punching or choking.

There are total 40-50 cases recorded since 1908.

Why Alien Hand Syndrome happen?

Our brain is divided into 2 parts, left hemisphere and right hemisphere. The right hemisphere of the brain controls all the activities taking place in left side of the body. To understand this easily the right hemisphere controls left hand, left leg etc. And accordingly left hemisphere controls all the activities of left side of body. Each hemisphere is consisting of four lobes, all working together to create, control and regulate speech, movement, emotion and about a billion other sub-functions. The frontal lobe is the section responsible for motor skills, like movement and speech, and cognitive functions, like planning and organization, and it’s a good place to start in our understanding of AHS.

Carpus Callosum

Alien Hand Syndrome hemisphers

Corpus callosum is a broad band of nerve fibres joining the two hemispheres of the brain. Now the scenario is that Corpus callosum is like messenger which passes the information from one hemisphere to another hemisphere. It is like if you want to walk, although this may sound simple process, but the two hemispheres must collaborate with each other to perform this simple task. Alien hand syndrome is a result of damage to these nerves.

This syndrome attracts the writers and movie makers attention and there are many movies and novels on AHS. To read more about these unique scientific facts you can scroll through the Science & Technology Section.

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